We provide a sparse version of the bounded degree SOS hierarchy BSOS (Lasserre et al. in EURO J Comp Optim:87–117, 2017) for polynomial optimization problems. It permits to treat large scale problems which satisfy a structured sparsity pattern. When the sparsity pattern satisfies the running intersection property this Sparse-BSOS hierarchy of semidefinite programs (with semidefinite constraints of fixed size) converges to the global optimum of the original problem.Moreover, for the class of SOS-convex problems, finite convergence takes place at the first step of the hierarchy, just as in the dense version.

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SOS1 constraints require that at most one of a given set of variables is nonzero. In this article, we investigate a branch-and-cut algorithm to solve linear programs with SOS1 constraints. We focus on the case in which the SOS1 constraints overlap. The corresponding conflict graph can algorithmically be exploited, for instance, for improved branching rules, preprocessing, primal heuristics, and cutting planes. In an extensive computational study, we evaluate the components of our implementation on instances for three different applications. We also demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach by comparing it to the solution of a mixedinteger programming formulation, if the variables appearing in SOS1 constraints arbounded.

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We present an effective heuristic for the Steiner Problem in Graphs. Its main elements are a multistart algorithm coupled with aggressive combination of elite solutions, both leveraging recently-proposed fast local searches. We also propose a fast implementation of a well-known dual ascent algorithm that not only makes our heuristics more robust (by dealing with easier cases quickly), but can also be used as a building block of an exact branch-and-bound algorithm that is quite effective for some inputs. On all graph classes we consider, our heuristic is competitive with (and sometimes more effective than) any previous approach with similar running times. It is also scalable: with long runs, we could improve or match the best published results for most open instances in the literature.

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This paper introduces the design and implementation of two parallel dual simplex solvers for general large scale sparse linear programming problems. One approach, called PAMI, extends a relatively unknown pivoting strategy called suboptimization and exploits parallelism across multiple iterations. The other, called SIP, exploits purely single iteration parallelism by overlapping computational components when possible. Computational results show that the performance of PAMI is superior to that of the leading open-source simplex solver, and that SIP complements PAMI in achieving speedup when PAMI results in slowdown. One of the authors has implemented the techniques underlying PAMI within the FICO Xpress simplex solver and this paper presents computational results demonstrating their value. In developing the first parallel revised simplex solver of general utility, this work represents a significant achievement in computational optimization.

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