Mathematical Programming Computation, Volume 10, Issue 3, September 2018

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Asynchronously parallel optimization solver for finding multiple minima

Jeffrey Larson, Stefan M. Wild


We propose and analyze an asynchronously parallel optimization algorithmfor finding multiple, high-quality minima of nonlinear optimization problems. Ourmultistart algorithm considers all previously evaluated points when determining where to start or continue a local optimization run. Theoretical results show that when there are finitely many minima, the algorithm almost surely starts a finite number of local optimization runs and identifies every minimum. The algorithm is applicable to general optimization settings, but our numerical results focus on the case when derivatives are unavailable. In numerical tests, a Python implementation of the algorithm is shown to yield good approximations of many minima (including a global minimum), and this ability is shown to scale well with additional resources. Our implementation’s time to solution is shown also to scale well even when the time to perform the function evaluation is highly variable. An implementation of the algorithm is available in the libEnsemble library at

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